I was long under the impression that baseball was created by Abner Doubleday. Abner Doubleday, who served as a Union officer during the Civil War, is widely credited as the inventor of the game of baseball. In the early 1900s, a committee was formed to determine the origins of the game. However, rather than looking for the truth of the matter, the committee sought a feel-good story to prove that baseball was the all-American sport. The report stated, "The first scheme for playing baseball, according to the best evidence available to date, was devised by Abner Doubleday at Cooperstown, New York, in 1839." The problem is that the only evidence they had for this was a single letter from a man named Abner Graves, a mentally unstable man who later killed his wife. Although Doubleday was a prolific writer, he left no notes relating to the game of baseball, and in the several letters that he wrote to various people, he made no mention of having even played the game. There is also the fact that he was at West Point in 1839, and his family had moved from Cooperstown the year before. In 1963, Congress acted to correct the inaccuracy in the record by officially crediting the invention of modern-day baseball to Alexander Joy Cartwright, a volunteer firefighter who became a member of the New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club. He was the first to draw a diagram of a baseball diamond, and to write the rules upon which the game of baseball is based. There was even testimony that he had taught the game to people he met while traveling to California during the Gold Rush. However, while he did play for the Knickerbockers, there is written proof that the rules for the game already existed before he became involved in it. So, who invented the all-American game of baseball? Probably nobody. It evolved over time from a children's stick and ball game that had been played in England for centuries.