I can't attest to the accuracy of these purported facts, other than that I am not making them up, largely because I don't know how they could have known some of this stuff, but here are a few games that appear to be more dangerous than football and hockey. The Ancient Aztecs and Mayans played a game that was quite a bit like lacrosse, and that is apparently where the game of lacrosse came from. One difference was that if your team lost, your captain had his heart removed and passed around for fans to eat. Another game played by the Aztecs and Mayans was called ullamaliztli, which was played with a heavy, solid rubber ball. Like soccer, you couldn't use your hands to control the ball, but you couldn't use your feet either. Teams batted the ball around using their hips and buttocks. As for the losing team, see above. After ransacking a village, the Vikings would sometimes use a game of tug-of-war to decide who gets the plunder. The teams would face off on either side of a fire. I'm not sure what kept the rope from burning, but it could get awfully hot for you if you were on the losing end. Pankration was an Ancient Greek wrestling match, but there were no rules or clothes. Fighters could kick, scratch, wrestle, choke, or punch. It was considered bad form to kill your opponent but you were still the winner. Soule was a game played in Normandy, Brittany, and Picardy from the 12th to the 19th centuries. Two teams of up to a thousand players would have to get a large ball into the opponent's net or onto their side. The game commonly got violent, and it could last for several days because the goals were several miles apart, separated by farmland, forests, meadows, rivers, and so on.